Report informs that 28 years have passed since the adoption of the Constitutional Act «On State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan» by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
At the end of the 20th century Azerbaijani people raised the banner of independence thanks to a historic chance associated with the fall of the USSR and the opportunities provided by destiny. It was the second brilliant triumph in the political history of the Azerbaijani people during the last century.
It was 1991, a strange, hard, but joyful time for the Azerbaijanis. The days of people’s pain, anger and high expectations, when people’s excitement reached its top level.
Azerbaijan, which lost hundreds of its sons and daughters in the struggle for independence, was persistently advancing towards a new life, a new reality. And finally, the coveted day came! The Azerbaijani Parliament adopted the Constitutional Act on the restoration of the state independence on October 18, 1991. In keeping with this document, Azerbaijan was declared the successor of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, which existed in 1918-1920. According to the Constitution Act, all citizens are guaranteed full equality regardless of ethnicity or religion.
After the enactment of the Constitutional Act, Azerbaijan held a natonwide vote on December 29, 1991. The ballot paper of the referendum included only one question: «Do you support the Constitutional Act on the state Independence of Azerbaijan?» Over 95 percent of voters took part in the referendum and unanimously voted for independence.
In May 1992, the parliament approved the national anthem of Azerbaijan, and later the national flag as well as the coat-of-arms depicting an eight-pointed star with flames.
Since October 18, 1991, Azerbaijan has been a sovereign state and people celebrate this day as a holiday.